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Лопань: компас Фэн-Шуй

24 горы компаса лопань Происхождение этого незаменимого инструмента для изучения Фэн-Шуй следует искать в древнекитайской мифологии. Считается, что Желтый Император (Хуань-ди) получил магнитный компас от богини и с его помощью выиграл героическую битву с могущественным чародеем примерно в XXVI веке до нашей эры.

Со временем лопань был модифицирован и усовершенствован. Современный лопань обычно имеет квадратную форму, выкрашен в красный цвет и снабжен чувствительной магнитной стрелкой в центре, окруженной концентрическими кольцами с китайскими иероглифами и символами. В Гонконге и на Тайване существует 3 основных вида лопань — компас Трех Эпох, компас Трех Сочетаний и комбинированный компас. Различие заключается в китайских символах и иероглифах на каждом компасе; они становятся более существенными, когда вы оцениваете дома инь (места для захоронений). Для начинающих подойдут все 3 вида компасов.

Главной функцией лопань, как и обычного компаса, является ориентировка на местности и определение направлений. Неосязаемые силы Фэн-Шуй имеют направленную природу, и далее небольшая погрешность в ориентировке может привести к серьезным последствиям. Поэтому расчет направлений должен быть очень точным.

Приступая к обучению, в первую очередь нужно познакомиться с основными значениями показаний компаса. В Фэн-Шуй круг разделен на 8 частей. Вместо главных и промежуточных направлений (севера, северо-востока, востока, юго-востока, юга, юго-запада, запада и северо-запада) они представлены 8 гуа (триграммами), которые изображаются как сочетание непрерывных и прерывистых линий. Такое обозначение необходимо, поскольку 8 триграмм объемлют всю Вселенную, и каждая гуа обладает оттенками смысла, выходящими далеко за рамки определения направлений.

8 триграмм В таблице приведены упрощенные интерпретации каждой из восьми триграмм:
1. северо-запад, металл, старик, небо
2. север, вода, мужчина средних лет, уши, зима
3. северо-восток, земля, младший сын, руки, гора
4. восток, дерево, старший сын, ноги, гром, весна
5. юго-восток, дерево, старшая дочь, ягодицы, ветер
6. юг, огонь, женщина средних лет, глаза, лето
7. юго-запад, земля, старуха, желудок
8. запад, металл, юная девушка, рот, осень

Но разделить круг на 8 секторов еще недостаточно; каждая гуа имеет 3 подраздела. Всего насчитывается 24 подразделения, которые обычно называются «двадцатью четырьмя горами».

Каждая гора занимает 15-градусный сектор. На рисунке показано кольцо компаса лопань с 24 горами и соответствующими направлениями. Магнитная стрелка закрыта круглой прозрачной крышкой под названием «Небесный Пруд». Она обычно находится на белом фоне с тонкой диаметральной линией красного цвета. Сам квадратный компас перевязан двумя отрезками нейлоновой нити, образующими крест точно посередине «Небесного Пруда».

Когда вы определяете направление на предмет, сначала держите лопань горизонтально, чтобы стрелка могла свободно поворачиваться, потом направьте нейлоновую нить на предмет по прямой линии. Затем вращайте круглую панель до тех пор, пока магнитная стрелка и красный диаметр «Небесного Пруда» не окажутся на одной линии. Символы и надписи прямо под нейлоновой нитью дадут информацию о направлении.

Компасы лопань имеют различные размеры, от 3 до 12 дюймов в поперечнике. Маленький компас удобен, но магнитная стрелка в нем слишком легкая и чутко реагирует на присутствие близко расположенных металлических предметов, так что иногда бывает нелегко правильно определить направление. Компас большего размера с тяжелой иглой дает более точные показания. Для начинающих рекомендуется компас диаметром примерно 6,2 дюйма (15,8 см.).

Ло Рэймонд

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